საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა
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Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика
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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Flag of Georgian SSR Coat of arms of Georgian SSR
Flag Coat of arms
Official languageGeorgian, Russian, Abkhaz (in the Abkhazian ASSR) and Ossetic (in the South Ossetian AO)
In the USSR:
 - Since
 - Until
February 25 1921

December 30 1922
December 26 1991
 - Total
 - Water (%)
Ranked 10th in the USSR
69,700 km²
 - Total 
 - Density
Ranked 9th in the USSR
4,337,600 (1989)
Time zone UTC + 3
Anthem Anthem of Georgian SSR
MedalsLeninorder Order of Lenin
Template:History of Georgia

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Template:Lang-ka sakartvelos sabch'ota socialist'uri resp'ublik'a; Russian: Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as the Georgian SSR for short, was one of the republics that made up the former Soviet Union.

History Edit

Main article: History of the Georgian SSR

Preceding Events Edit

On November 28 1917, after October Revolution in Russia, there was established Transcaucasian commissariat heading by Mensheviks in Tbilisi.

Soviet power Edit

Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia was established on February 25 1921.

On March 2, 1922 first constitution of Soviet Georgia was accepted.

Georgia within Transcaucasian SFSR Edit

Order of Red Banner, Georgian SSR, 1923

Order of the Red Banner of Georgian SSR, 1923.

From March 12 1922 to December 5 1936 it was part of the Transcaucasian SFSR together with the Armenian SSR and the Azerbaijan SSR. In 1936, the TSFSR was dissolved. During this period the province was led by Lavrentiy Beria, first secretary of the Georgian Central Committee of the Georgian Communist Party[1]

Under Khrushchev, the government was decentralized and the Georgian Communist Party rose in power. Alongside it, a black market economy and corruption grew. Eduard Shevardnadze worked for years to fight this corruption from the mid 1960s until 1985, when he was appointed Soviet Foreign Minister.

On October 28 1990, democratic parliamentary elections were held, and on November 15 the nation was renamed the "Republic of Georgia." It declared independence on April 9, 1991, under Zviad Gamsakhurdia. However, this was unrecognized by the Soviet government and Georgia was in the USSR until its collapse in December 1991.

References Edit

  1. .Geronti Kikodze (1954) Notes of a Contemporary, first published in 1989, Mnatobi, Issue 1, Tbilisi, Georgia.

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