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The Portal:World War II Portal

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World War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict. It began as the joining of what had initially been two separate conflicts, with the first beginning in Asia in 1937 (the Second Sino-Japanese War) and the other beginning in Europe in 1939 (the German invasion of Poland).

The war split the majority of the world's nations into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It involved the mobilization of over 100 million military personnel, making it the most widespread war in history, and placed the participants in a state of "total war", which erased the distinction between civil and military resources and resulted in the complete activation of a nation's economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities for the purposes of the war effort. Over 70 million people, the majority of them civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history.

The Allies won the war, and as a result, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the world's leading superpowers. This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 45 years. The United Nations was formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict. The self determination spawned by the war accelerated decolonization movements in Asia and Africa, while Europe itself began moving toward integration.

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TulagiJapanese1942
The invasion of Tulagi, on May 3 and May 4, 1942, was part of Operation Mo, the Empire of Japan's strategy in the South Pacific and South West Pacific Area in 1942. The plan called for Imperial Japanese Navy troops to capture Tulagi and nearby islands in the Solomon Islands Protectorate. The occupation of Tulagi by the Japanese was intended to cover the flank of Japanese forces that were advancing on Port Moresby in New Guinea as well as to provide a base for Japanese forces to threaten and interdict the supply and communication routes between the United States and Australia and New Zealand.Without the means to capably resist the Japanese offensive in the Solomons, the British Resident Commissioner of the Solomon Islands protectorate and the few Australian troops assigned to defend Tulagi evacuated the island just before the Japanese forces arrived on May 3. The next day, however, a U.S. aircraft carrier task force enroute to resist the Japanese forces advancing on Port Moresby (that resulted in the Battle of the Coral Sea) struck the Japanese Tulagi landing force in an air attack, destroying or damaging several of the Japanese ships and aircraft involved in the landing operation.


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EnterpriseBurningHellcat
<center> Credit: United States Navy

Crash landing of an F6F Hellcat into the port side 20mm gun gallery of the USS Enterprise, November 10, 1943. Lieutenant Walter L. Chewning, Jr., USNR, the Catapult Officer, is climbing up the plane's side to assist the pilot from the burning aircraft. The pilot, Ensign Byron M. Johnson, escaped without significant injury. Note the plane's ruptured belly fuel tank. </center>

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Did you know...

DYKSquare
  • ...that approximately 10,000 young Germans known as the Ritchie Boys served in the United States Army in World War II helping conduct psychological warfare against Nazi Germany?
  • ...that the Old Admiralty House, a national monument in Singapore, was used by the British Armed Forces for strategic planning during World War II?
  • ...that the first German U-boat sunk by the United States Navy in World War II was U-656, sunk on 1 March 1942?
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    DYKSquare
  • ...that approximately 10,000 young Germans known as the Ritchie Boys served in the United States Army in World War II helping conduct psychological warfare against Nazi Germany?
  • ...that the Old Admiralty House, a national monument in Singapore, was used by the British Armed Forces for strategic planning during World War II?
  • ...that the first German U-boat sunk by the United States Navy in World War II was U-656, sunk on 1 March 1942?
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    From the World War II task force of the Military history WikiProject:

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    Battle of Kiev (1943)Raid on DrvarColditz Castle
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    A ForceAtlantic Black GapBattle of Elaia-KalamasBattle_of_Uhtua-KiestinkiBattles_of_Repola-RukajärviBattle_of_PorlammiBattle_of_SiiranmäkiBattle_of_TuulosBattle_of_ŁuckBattle_of_RówneBattle_of_Włodzimierz_WołyńskiBattle_of_LubartówBattle_of_Kock_(1944)Battle_of_MiednikiBattle_of_Rudniki_ForestBattle_of_JodłaBattle_of_CeberFrancis BlanchainProsper DesitterShinshou DraengerChrister Lyst HansenHolocaust slave labor litigationHorten Ho IIIHorten Ho VIGaribaldi BrigadesItalian Spring OffensiveOve KampmanLeague for Combat PolicyJulien MelineOperation RayonOperation BigotOperation FischreiherOperation HardboiledOperation IlonaOperation MittelmeerOperation OttoOperation RichardOperation SchamilOperation ScherhornOperation WaterfallOtto ProgramAladar PaasonenMartin PoppelRoehm's AvengersDorothy TartierePoul BruunRaoul BoulangerSerge Asher-RavanelBattle of West Ukraine (1941)Battle of XinfengBattle of ZunyiBattle of Sittang River BridgeJack G. "Tex" Wheelis
    Expansion needed 
    Battle_of_Bay_of_ViipuriBattle of BruneiBattle of LabuanBattle of North BorneoDemilitarisation; Martha DesrumeauxMochitsura HashimotoOperation CascadeOperation Tan No. 2Burma Area ArmyBattle of CourlandBattle of Voronezh (1943)First Battle of KharkovRace to BerlinMarie FourcadeVictor Strydonck de BurkelDonald BlakesleeOperation NorthwindBattle of Skerki BankMichael Sinclair (soldier)Battle of MaastrichtBattle of The AfsluitdijkBattle of ZeelandLanding at Saidor
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    de:Josef Meisingernl:Type 5 Na-To
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