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World War II, or the Second World War, was a global military conflict. It began as the joining of what had initially been two separate conflicts, with the first beginning in Asia in 1937 (the Second Sino-Japanese War) and the other beginning in Europe in 1939 (the German invasion of Poland).

The war split the majority of the world's nations into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It involved the mobilization of over 100 million military personnel, making it the most widespread war in history, and placed the participants in a state of "total war", which erased the distinction between civil and military resources and resulted in the complete activation of a nation's economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities for the purposes of the war effort. Over 70 million people, the majority of them civilians, were killed, making it the deadliest conflict in human history.

The Allies won the war, and as a result, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as the world's leading superpowers. This set the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 45 years. The United Nations was formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict. The self determination spawned by the war accelerated decolonization movements in Asia and Africa, while Europe itself began moving toward integration.

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Mauthausen-barracks
Mauthausen concentration camp (known from the summer of 1940 as Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp) grew to become a large group of Nazi concentration camps that were built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 km east of the city of Linz.Initially a single camp at Mauthausen, it expanded over time to become one of the largest labour camp complexes in German-controlled Europe.Apart from the four main sub-camps at Mauthausen and nearby Gusen, more than 50 sub-camps, located throughout Austria and southern Germany, used the inmates as slave labour. Several subordinate camps of the KZ Mauthausen complex included quarries, munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter-plane assembly plants.In January 1945, the camps, directed from the central office in Mauthausen, contained roughly 85,000 inmates.The death toll remains unknown, although most sources place it between 122,766 and 320,000 for the entire complex. The camps formed one of the first massive concentration camp complexes in Nazi Germany, and were the last ones to be liberated by the Western Allies or the Soviet Union. The two main camps, Mauthausen and Gusen I, were also the only two camps in the whole of Europe to be labelled as "Grade III" camps, which meant that they were intended to be the toughest camps for the "Incorrigible Political Enemies of the Reich".


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Montana Class
The Montana-class battleships of the United States Navy were planned as successors to the Iowa class, being slower but larger, better armored, and having superior firepower. Five were approved for construction during World War II but changes in wartime building priorities resulted in their cancellation in favor of the Essex-class aircraft carriers before any Montana-class keels were laid.With an intended armament of twelve 16-inch (410 mm) guns and a greater anti-aircraft capability than the preceding Iowa class, the Montanas would have been the largest and the most heavily-armed battleships put to sea by the United States. They would have been the only US Navy battleship class to have come close to rivaling the Empire of Japan's Yamato-class battleships in terms of armor, weaponry, and displacement.Preliminary design work for the Montanas began before the US entry into World War II. The first two vessels were approved by Congress in 1939 following the passage of the Second Vinson Act. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor delayed construction of the Montana class.


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Did you know...

DYKSquare
  • ... that the British Army changed its plans for operations in Greece during World War II on medical advice from Australian Brigadier Sir Neil Fairley?
  • ...that U-256 was one of seven German World War II submarines converted into anti-aircraft submarines, and the last German submarine to leave Brest, France?
  • ...that U-106, was one of Germany's most successful submarines, sinking 22 Allied ships in World War II?
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    DYKSquare
  • ... that the British Army changed its plans for operations in Greece during World War II on medical advice from Australian Brigadier Sir Neil Fairley?
  • ...that U-256 was one of seven German World War II submarines converted into anti-aircraft submarines, and the last German submarine to leave Brest, France?
  • ...that U-106, was one of Germany's most successful submarines, sinking 22 Allied ships in World War II?
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    From the World War II task force of the Military history WikiProject:

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    Attention needed 
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    Battle of Kiev (1943)Raid on DrvarColditz Castle
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    A ForceAtlantic Black GapBattle of Elaia-KalamasBattle_of_Uhtua-KiestinkiBattles_of_Repola-RukajärviBattle_of_PorlammiBattle_of_SiiranmäkiBattle_of_TuulosBattle_of_ŁuckBattle_of_RówneBattle_of_Włodzimierz_WołyńskiBattle_of_LubartówBattle_of_Kock_(1944)Battle_of_MiednikiBattle_of_Rudniki_ForestBattle_of_JodłaBattle_of_CeberFrancis BlanchainProsper DesitterShinshou DraengerChrister Lyst HansenHolocaust slave labor litigationHorten Ho IIIHorten Ho VIGaribaldi BrigadesItalian Spring OffensiveOve KampmanLeague for Combat PolicyJulien MelineOperation RayonOperation BigotOperation FischreiherOperation HardboiledOperation IlonaOperation MittelmeerOperation OttoOperation RichardOperation SchamilOperation ScherhornOperation WaterfallOtto ProgramAladar PaasonenMartin PoppelRoehm's AvengersDorothy TartierePoul BruunRaoul BoulangerSerge Asher-RavanelBattle of West Ukraine (1941)Battle of XinfengBattle of ZunyiBattle of Sittang River BridgeJack G. "Tex" Wheelis
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    Battle_of_Bay_of_ViipuriBattle of BruneiBattle of LabuanBattle of North BorneoDemilitarisation; Martha DesrumeauxMochitsura HashimotoOperation CascadeOperation Tan No. 2Burma Area ArmyBattle of CourlandBattle of Voronezh (1943)First Battle of KharkovRace to BerlinMarie FourcadeVictor Strydonck de BurkelDonald BlakesleeOperation NorthwindBattle of Skerki BankMichael Sinclair (soldier)Battle of MaastrichtBattle of The AfsluitdijkBattle of ZeelandLanding at Saidor
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    de:Josef Meisingernl:Type 5 Na-To
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