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Gouvernement provisoire de la République française
Provisional Government of the French Republic
Provisional government
Flag of Germany 1933
 
Flag of France
 
Flag of Free France 1940-1944
1944–1946 Flag of France

Flag of France<p> Flag

Capital Paris
Language(s) French
Religion Roman Catholic
Political structure Provisional government
Chairman
 - 1944-1946 Charles de Gaulle
 - 1946 Félix Gouin (SFIO)
 - 1946 Georges Bidault (MRP)
 - 1946-1947 Léon Blum (SFIO)
Legislature National Assembly
Historical era World War II
 - Established August
 - Disestablished October 14
Currency French Franc
History of France
Pavillon royal de France Flag of France
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The Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française or GPRF) was an interim government which governed France from 1944 to 1946. Following the Battle of France in 1940 the state of Vichy France had been established under the rule of Philippe Pétain. However, after Operation Overlord, the liberation of Paris and the fall of the Chambois pocket, the Vichy regime dissolved. Jurisdiction was then seized by the Provisional Government under the leadership of Charles de Gaulle in the wake of the Allied front lines moving through France. It was eventually succeeded by the Fourth French Republic in 1946 and the Fifth French Republic in 1958.

The GPRF was dominated by the tripartisme alliance between the French Communist Party (PCF), claiming itself by exaggeration to be the parti des 85,000 fusillés ("party of the 85,000 shot") because of its leading role in the Resistance, the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO, socialist party) and the Christian democratic Popular Republican Movement (MRP), led by Georges Bidault. This alliance between the three most important political parties after the war — the Radical-Socialists and the conservative, right-wing parties, such as the Democratic Republican Alliance (ARD), had lost their legitimacy due to their collaboration during Vichy and to their attitude before the war — lasted until the May 1947 crisis during which Maurice Thorez, vice-premier, and four other Communist ministers were expelled from the government, both in France and in Italy. Along with the acceptance of the Marshall Plan, reserved to countries who had not fallen under the influence of the USSR, this marked the official beginning of the Cold War in these countries.

Although the GPRF was active only from 1944 to 1946, it had a lasting influence, in particular regarding the enacting of labour laws, which were envisioned by the National Council of the Resistance, the umbrella organisation which united all Resistant movements, in particular the Communist Front National. The Front National was the political front of the Franc-tireurs et partisans (FTP) Resistance movement. Beside de Gaulle's ordinances granting, for the first time in France, right of vote to women, the GPRF passed various labour laws, including the October 11, 1946 act establishing occupational medicine. It also appointed commissioners to fulfil its aims.

List of Chairmen of the Provisional Government of the French RepublicEdit

See alsoEdit

eo:Provizora registaro de la Franca Respubliko es:Gobierno Provisional de la República Francesa fr:Gouvernement provisoire de la République française la:Administratio ad interim Rei Publicae Francicae pt:Governo Provisório da República da França ro:Guvernul provizoriu al Republicii Franceze th:คณะรัฐบาลเฉพาะกาลแห่งสาธารณรัฐฝรั่งเศส

zh:法蘭西共和國臨時政府

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